Tnpsc Current Affairs December 2015 in English Part - 2

INDIA

·         Union Government launched “Inactivated Polio Vaccine” (IPV) at New Delhi, as a part of Global Polio Endgame Strategy
·         Launched on November 30, 2015
·         The Government decide to destroy Polio Virus in Country within April,  2016
·         From March 27, 2014 India officially declared as Polio – Free
·         The Vaccine used in IPV programe  = ShanIPV Vaccine

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·         Brickwork report
·         As per the report, the Biggest State Economy in India = 1) Maharashtra 2) Tamil Nadu 3) Uttar Pradesh
·         As per the report, the Fastest Growing State Economy in India is = 1) Bihar 2) Madhya Pradesh 3)  Goa
·         As per the report, the Slowest Growing State Economy in India = 1) Telangana 2) Punjab 3) Rajasthan

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·         Union Government approved the proposals for upcoming 6 new IITs across the country
·         The IITs for the states of Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala and Karnataka
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·         To mark the centenary year of ZSI (Zoological Survey of India), the Union Government releases postage stamp to honour it.
·         Head – Quarters of Zoological Survey of India = Kolkatta
·         ZSI was established in July 1, 1916

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·         Indian State of Forest Report 2015 (ISFR 2015)
·         As per the results of the report, India’s forest and tree cover area is increased by 5081 sq.km
·         Of 5081 sq.km, the increased forest cover area is = 3775 sq.km
·         Of 5081 sq.km, the increased tree cover area is = 1306 sq.km
·         The States which has maximum increase in Forest cover = 1) Tami Nadu (2501sq.km)  2) Kerala 3) J&K
·         The States which has largest forest cover in terms of area = 1) Madhya Pradesh 2) Arunachal Pradesh 3) Chhattisgarh
·         The States which has the highest percentage of forest cover = 1) Mizoram 2) Lakswadeep

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·         The South Western Railways will decide to use bio-diesel for trains
·         Head – Quarters of South Western Railways = Hubli, Karnataka

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·         Himachal Pradesh become the first state in India to launch “Rotavirus Vaccination Project”
·         The Project started at Dharmasala, Kangra District

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·         The State Government of Jharkhand announced that the entire state was affected by Drought

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·         Union Government approved  the Regional Centre for Biotechnology Bill, 2015
·         The Bill gave legal status to the Institution
·         The institution was already established at = Faridabad

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·         Union Petroleum Ministry officially declared, India’s First Smokeless Village = Vyachakurahalli Village, Chikkaballapur District, Karnataka
·         All the houses of the villages are fitted with LPG Stoves.

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·         In the field of Water Resource management and development co-operation, the Union Government approved the signing of a Memorandum of understanding between India and Israel

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·         GAIL India Limited, signed an agreement with ISRO’s National Remote Sensing Centre, a Hyderabad based Centre, for surveillance  its pipelines
·         For this, they started a surveillance geo portal = Bhuvan – GAIL Portal

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·         To prevent leakages in the MGNREGA programme, the government will introduce the system for electronic transfer of wages to the beneficiaries from January 1 next year in Kerala
·         If the scheme becomes successful, the system will established to entire country

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·         Union Ministry of Environment recently gives clearance to the proposed Dholera International Airport, comes at Ahmedabad

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·         Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs launched online quiz programme “BHARAT KO JANIYE”
·         The quiz is targeted for Indian Diaspora.

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·         Singapore replaced Mauritius as top source of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) into India during April-September of 2015-16 financial year
·          An announcement in this regard was made by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion of Ministry of Commerce and industry in the first week of December 2015.

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·         The Prime Minister, Shri NarendraModi, today released two commemorative coins, as part of the 125th birth anniversary year celebrations of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.
·         The coins, which are of "ten-rupee" and "one hundred and twenty-five rupee" denomination, were issued on the Mahaparinirvan Divas of BabasahebAmbedkar. 
·         The coins were issued on his death anniversary, which is being observed as "Mahaparinirvan Divas of BabasahebAmbedkar".
·         December 6 = Mahaparinirvan Divas of BabasahebAmbedkar

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·         The High Court of Allahabad made the judgement that the married daughters of deceased government employees are eligible for appointment on compassionate grounds in government jobs

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·         India crosses China, and becomes World’s Fastest Growing Economy Nation in the World.

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·         Union Cabinet approved a Memorandum of Understanding between Indian and Germany, to expand bilateral development cooperation in the field of Solar Energy by increasing use of solar energy in India through technical as well as financial cooperation. 

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·         Prime Minister NarendraModi and French President Francois Hollande will on Monday launch an international solar alliance aimed at eventually bringing clean and affordable solar energy within the reach of all.
·         The Secretariat of the alliance will be set up at the India’s National Institute of Solar Energy in Gurgaon.

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·         Maharashtra becomes the First State in India, that in the State Legislatures, the MLAs are allowed to raise their questions in ONLINE
·         It is a part of “Digital MLAs” initiative

·         Andhra Pradesh is the first state in India to join in the Union Government’s UDAY Scheme
·         Jharkand joined as Second
·         UDAY = Ujjwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana

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·         Parliament passes Negotiable Instruments (Amendments) Bill 2015
·         The Bill number is = 151th bill of 2015
·         The Amendments make the cheque bounce cases becomes more convenient for check payers (person who receives the cheque)
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·         HETERO is the First Indian Company, to receive the DCGI’s approval to  the making of Hepatitis C Drug
·         DCGI = Drug Controller General of India

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·         ONGC (The Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited) joined Zero Routine Flaring by 2030 initiative of the World Bank on the sidelines of Conference of Parties – 21 (COP-21) of UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) in Paris
·         With this ONGC has become India’s First Oil Company to join the global initiative

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·         The Supreme Court directed the state governments and union territories administrations to include the names of the acid attack victims in the list of disabled people.
·         Ordered in the acid victim laxmi’s case
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·         Project Leap
·         Bharti Airtel Limited announced the launch of a massive network transformation program – “Project Leap”. Aimed at perceptibly improving network quality and delivering the best customer experience
·         Establishing 70,000 base stations and covers 2,50,000 villages

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·         Union Cabinet approved the amendments to the National Waterways Bill 2015
·         Bill Number 122 of 2015
·         The Amendments seek to add 106 additional inland waterways in the national water highways
·         With this the total number of inland waterways has been raised to 111 from existing 5 waterways

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·         India – Uk announced “Year 2016 = UK –India Year of Education, Research and Innovation”

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·         Indian Institute of science, bengaluru bagged a US Military contract for research and development on Solar Powered Micro Grid

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·         Supreme Court asked the Union Government to operationalise the OCIA (Organised Crimes Investigating Agency) by December 1, 2016
·         OCIA will probe human trafficking cases across the nation
·         Article 23 of Indian Constitution = Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour

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·         Union Government declared Tamil Nadu flood as a Calamity of Severe Nature
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·         National Green Tribunal (NGT) gives directions to keep River Ganga Pollution Free. Also NGT declares a complete ban on use of plastic of any kind from Gomukh to Haridwar, effect  from February 1, 2016
·         If any hotels or ashrams releases their domestic wastes ito ganga, they fined 5000 per day as an environmental compensation
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·         INDIA HEALTH REPORT: NUTRITION 2015
·         As per data, 39% of children under 5 in India are short for their age (stunted)
·         In Uttar Pradesh, 4% of children are malnourished, highest in the country
·         According to the report, 55% of Indian Women aged between 15 and 49 have anaemia low blood count
·         70% of children aged between 6 to 35 months are suffering from anaemia
·         18.6% children under three years have low birth weight
·         44.7% of girls aged between 15 to 18 have low Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)

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·         Legatum Prosperity Index, India ranks 92 in the category of EDUCATION
·         1 =Australia, 2 = Canada, 3 = Denmark

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·         Four day, “Kala Utsav” event began in New Delhi with the theme “BetiBachao, BetiPadhao”. The event is being organized by NCERT

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·         The relief and rescue operation launched by the Indian Armed Forces in Chennai Flood = Operation MADAD

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·         LokSabha passes Atomic Energy (Amendment) Bill, 2015
·         It made several changes in Atomic Energy Act, 1962

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·         1814 km TAPI Gasline project begins at Mary of Turkmenistan
·         Indian Vice – President Hamid Ansari, participate in Inaugural function
·         Expected to operational by 2019
·         Pipeline Begins at = Galkynysh Gas Field, Turkmenistan
·         Pipeline ends at = Fazilka, Punjab, India
·         TAPI = Turkmenistan Afghanistan Pakistan India
·         Route = Galkynysh Gas Field, Daulatabad -> Herat (Afghan) -> Kandahar (Afghan) -> Quetta (Pak) -> Multan (Pak) ->Fazilka(Punjab, India)

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·         Tibet Buddhists celebrated Losar Festival at Ladakh region of Jammu Kashmir
·         The Tibetan word Losar means = New Year

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·         India’s First High Speed Train, comes on Mumbai – Ahmadabad, 508 km distance track, constructed at the cost of 97636 Crores Rupees

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·         National Green Tribunal, bans the registration of new diesel run vehicles in New Delhi

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·         Indian cities, Varanasi and Jaipur, has been designated as member of UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN)
·         Varanasi = in the category of City of Music
·         Jaipur = in the category of City of Crafts and Folk Art

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·         Union Government proposed to established 3 new IIITs (Indian Institute of Information Technology) in the cities of = Ranchi, Nagpur and Pune

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·         UNDP’s Human Development Index released
·         THEME = Work for Human Development
·         Top 3 Countries = Norway, Australia, Switzerland
·         Bottom 2 Countries = Niger (188), Central African Republic (187)
·         INDIA = 130th rank
·         India scored 0.609 score, and placed in the medium human development category.
·         In 2014, India ranks 135. Improvement in 2015 is due to = Rise in Life Expectancy and Per Capita Income
·         Per Capita Income or Gross National Income = $ 5497
·         Life Expectancy increased from 67.6 to 68 years

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·         Rajasthan is the First State in India, to submit the smart city plan proposals to Union Government
·         Rajasthan selects 3 cities = Udaipur, Kota, Ajmer

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·         Indian Origin politician, PravinGordhan becomes South Africa’s Finance Minister

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·         During Japan’s Prime Minister visit to India,
o   16 agreements were finalized
o   India’s First High Speed Rail between Mumbai and Ahmedabad
o   Both Countries launch a joint statement on “India and Japan Vision 2025”
o   Japan PM attend “Ganga Arti” at DasaswamedhGhat in Varanasi
o   Both Countries signed a pact to develop Varanasi as Smart City as like as Japan’s Kyoto City
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·         Government has set up a mechanism known as “SETU” (Self Employment and Talent Utilisation) to support all aspects of start up business

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·         A London based company, opened a new website, www.bosefiles.com, which provides the documentary evidence of last days of NethajiSubash Chandra Bose

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·         Operation SMILE = track and find the missing children
·         The second phase of Operation SMILE launched on January 1, 2016

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·         The official Mascot of 2016 South Asian Games held at Guwahati and Shillong = Tikhor (One Horned Rhino)
·         Logo = 8 petals representing the countries participate in the events

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·         The First State in India, to implement the recommendations of Radhakrishnan Panel on Road Safety is = New Delhi
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·         Supreme Court bans the registration of new diesel SUVs, Luxury Cars in Delhi up to March 31, 2016

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·         India’s First National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO) has been set up in Safdarjung hospital in New Delhi

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·         Union Government approves Google’s Project Loon in India
·         Project Loon  = providing internet connectivity using large balloons
·         Google launching the pilot project in India, with partnered with BSNL
·         AIM = providing low cost internet access to rural and remote areas.
·         The Large Balloons placed 20 km above the earth’s surface to provide internet broadband coverage area of 40 km

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·         Green Peace India released a report titled, “National Air Quality Index”
·         As per report, the most air polluted city in the World = Delhi
·         Out of 20 Cities from the World, 13 Indian Cities are placed in the quality index list
·         1 = Delhi, 2 = Patna, 3 = Gwalior, 4 = Raipur, 9 = Ahmedabad, 10 = Lucknow, 11 = Firozabad, 13 = Kanpur, 14 = Amristar, 15 = Ludhiana, 18 = Allahabad, 19 = Agra, 20 = Khanna

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·         Uttar Pradesh Government bans the sale and production of polythene bags in this state

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·         West Bengal government announced, that the committee approves proposal for the formation of 5 new districts.
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·         India’s biggest “Wildlife Rescue Centre” named as “Gorewada Zoo and Wildlife Rescue Centre”, which has been commissioned at Nagpur, Maharashtra.

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·         Bihar Chief Minister announced that, April 14, the birthday of Emperor Ashoka, has been declared government holiday hereafter.
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·         Forbes Best Countries for Business report has been released.
·         1= Denmark, 2 = New Zealand, 3 = Norway, 97 = India

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·         Mumbai Central Railway Station is the first station in India, to get Wi-Fi services as a part of partnership between Google and railtel.

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·         Prime Minister flagged off First Prototype Electric Bus for MPs, which was developed as a part of Make in India Campaign
·         The bus runs on lithium ion powered battery
·         Which is 15 seater ecofriendly bus, and coloured in green and with a message “GO GREEN”
·         Which was developed by ISRO
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·         As per Migration and Remmittances Factbook 2016 report, India become the largest remittance receiving country in the world on 2015

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·         Union Government launched a new Make in India website, www.makeinIndiadefence.com
·         Which makes defence acquisition process simpler and to provide an interface with industry

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·          India will joined in the select club nations to built Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Ships.
·         The State owned Cochin Shipyard has received the certification approval to built this type of ships in India.
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·         Yahoo named, “Cow” as the personality of the year 2015

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·         Reserve Bank of India, extends its deadline to exchange pre 2005 currency notes to June 30, 2016

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·         Union Government launches 2 mobile application for farmers = Crop Insurance and Agri Market Mobile

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·         Indian Council of Agricultural Research is celebrating ‘Jai Kisan Jai Vigyan’ Week from 23 December to 29 December 2015 on the birth anniversary of former Prime Ministers Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Late Shri Chaudhary Charan Singh. The celebration is being organized keeping in view their immense contribution for promoting use of science for the welfare of farmers.

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·         North India’s first cable bridge has been opened at Jammu Kashmir’s Basholi Town. Named as “Atal Setu”
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·         The Mobile Network Company, Idea becomes the 3rd company to launch 4G services in India, nest to Airtel and Vodafone.
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·         Bihar government announced that they banned the 15 year old vehicles to enter into the capital, to reduce the pollution
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·         To increase the passenger revenue collections, the Railways hiked the Tatkal Ticket charges by up to 33%
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·         Ministry of Human Resource Development, launched 6th AISHE (All India Survey on Higher Education) in New Delhi
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·         Reliance Jio launched 4G services on 83rd birthday of Dhirubai Ambani. For initial phase, it was launched only for its 85000 customers.

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·         2015 Fortune 500 Companies List of India
·         1 = IOC, 2 = Reliance Industries, 3 = Tata Motors, 4 = SBI, 5 = BPCL

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·         Union Government added 106 drugs to NLEM (National List of Essential Medicines)
·         The total number of medicines includes in the list = 376

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·         Prime Ministr Modi, inaugurates the new buiding of Afghan Parliament in Kabul, which was built by India. PM also named one block of Parliament as “ATAL Block”.

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·         Seychelles government allows India to build naval base on its assumption island of Indian Ocean region.
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·         Telengana became the second state, after Maharashtra to set up the Zorastrian Jury. The Zorastrian Jury will aid the settlement of marriage and divorce of the Parsi people in their communities

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·         Rajiv Gandhi International Airport of Hyderabad became the country’s first airport to offer e-boarding facility to travelers.
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·         India become 54th nation to sign in Raptor MoU for Conservation of Migratory Birds of Prey in Africa and Eurasia

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·         18th India – Iran Joint Commission held at New Delhi

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·         Sand Artist Sudharsan Pattnaik’s Santa Claus sculpture found a place in Limca Book of World Records, which was in Puri beach.

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